Hyperbaric Oxygen Attenuates Apoptosis and Decreases Inflammation in an Ischemic Wound Model

The molecular mechanisms whereby hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) improves ischemic wound healing remain elusive. In this study, a rat model of wound ischemia was used to test the hypothesis that HBO enhances wound healing by modulating hypoxia-inducible factor-1a (HIF-1a) signaling. Male Sprague–Dawley rats underwent creation of a previously validated ischemic flap. Three groups underwent daily treatment: HBO (90minutes, 2.4atm); systemic administration of the free radical scavenger, N -acetylcysteine (NAC 150mgkg 1 intraperitoneal); control (neither HBO nor NAC). HBO treatment improved healing of the ischemic wounds. Analysis of ischemic wound tissue extracts demonstrated significantly reduced expression of HIF-1a, p53, and BNip3. Additionally, HBO increased expression of Bcl-2 while decreasing cleaved caspase-3. DNA fragmentation was abolished and the number of TUNEL-positive cells was reduced compared to the other groups. Vascular endothelial growth factor, cyclooxygenase-2, and neutrophil infiltration were reduced in ischemic wounds treated with HBO. These results indicate that HBO improves ischemic wound healing by downregulation of HIF-1a and subsequent target gene expression with attenuation of cell apoptosis and reduction of inflammation

Categories: Rheumatology
Tags: apoptosis, inflammation, ischemic wound model