Pyoderma gangrenosum: A report of a rare complication after knee arthroplasty requiring muscle flap cover supplemented by negative pressure therapy and hyperbaric oxygen

Summary Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is rare ulcerating skin condition easily confused with wound infection following surgery. We report a complicated case of PG following knee arthro plasty where delayed diagnosis and repeated debridements lead to significant tissue loss.Successful reconstruction was achieved with a muscle flap, but subsequent reactivation ofPG and superadded infection placed both the reconstruction and patient’s life at risk. Pro longed combined use of negative pressure therapy (NPT), immunosuppression and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) was successfully used to reduce the wound size, enhance wound granulation, promote re-epithelialisation, and provide pain relief. There is little or no published literature on these treatment modalities for the management of PG, with only one reported case using both NPT and HBO for PG (not following knee arthroplasty). More studies are necessary to determine the role of both modalities in the management of pathergy in large and complex wounds and the rare nature of this complication following knee arthroplasty explains the lack of evidence-based guidance.In conclusion, we suggest a surgical algorithm. This is the first report of PG following kneearthroplasty with the use of both NPT and HBO in order to achieve soft tissue coverage.

Categories: Dermatology, Medical clinic, Wounds