AbstractObjective: To observe the analgesic effect of early hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment in chronic constriction injury (CCI)rats, and to analyze the influence of HBO on the expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase and inducible nitric oxidesynthase and on the levels of inflammatory factors.Methods: Rats were assigned into three groups randomly: sham, CCI, and HBO groups. The CCI rat model was estab lished, and HBO treatment at 2.5 ATA (60 min) was given one day after surgery, lasting for five consecutive days. The painbehaviors of the rats were observed at predetermined time points, and the activation of astrocytes at dorsal horns as well asthe changes of the synaptic ultrastructures were observed. The expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase and neuronalnitric oxide synthase were detected by Western blot, and the levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-a) and interleukin 1 beta (IL-1b) were detected by quantitative real-time PCR.Results: Rats in the CCI group developed hyperalgesia when compared with the sham group. Mechanical withdrawalthreshold decreased and thermal withdrawal latency shortened in CCI group. Also, astrocytes at the dorsal horn wereactivated, the synaptic structure was disordered, the expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase and neuronal nitric oxidesynthase were increased significantly, and the release of inflammatory factor (TNF-a and IL-1b) was up-regulated. However,with early initiation of HBO treatment, rats in the HBO group showed significantly alleviated hyperalgesia, increasedmechanical withdrawal threshold, and prolonged thermal withdrawal latency. HBO treatment inhibited astrocyte expressionand maintained normal synaptic structure. The expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase and neuronal nitric oxidesynthase were decreased in the dorsal horn, and the release of inflammatory factor (TNF-a and IL-1b) was reduced.Conclusions: Early HBO treatment significantly improves hyperalgesia in rats with neuropathic pain. The decreasedexpressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase and neuronal nitric oxide synthase and reduced levels of inflammatory factorsare important mechanisms by which early HBO helps to alleviate neuropathic pain.
Categories: Medical clinic, Rheumatology