Hyperoxia and angiogenesis

We hypothesized that tissue hyperoxia would enhance and hypoxia inhibit neovascularization in a wound model. Therefore, we used female Swiss-Webster mice to examine the influence of differential oxygen treat-ment on angiogenesis. One milliliter plugs of Matrigels, a mixture of matrix proteins that supports but does not itself elicit angiogenesis, were injected subcutaneously into the mice. Matrigels was used without additive orwith added vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or anti-VEGF antibody. Animals were maintained in hypoxic, normoxic, or one of four hyperoxic environments: hypoxia—13 percent oxygen at 1 atmosphere ab-solute (ATA); normoxia—21 percent oxygen at 1 ATA; hyperoxia—(groups a–d) 100 percent oxygen for 90 minutes twice daily at the following pressures: Group a, 1 ATA; Group b, 2 ATA; Group c, 2.5 ATA; Group d, 3.0 ATA. Subcutaneous oxygen tension was measured in all groups. The Matrigels was removed 7 days after implantation. Sections were graded microscopically for the extent of neovascularization. Angiogenesis was significantly greater in all hyperoxic groups and significantly less in the hypoxic group compared with room air exposed controls. Anti-VEGF antibody abrogated the angiogenic effect of both VEGF and increased oxygen tension. We conclude that angiogenesis is proportional to ambient pO2 over a wide range. This confirms the clinical impression that angiogenesis requires oxygen. Intermittent oxygen exposure can satisfy the need for oxygen in ischemic tissue.

Categories: Medical clinic, Rehabilitation, Surgery and transplant, Wounds